APPENDIX TO SUB-CHAPTER No. 5.2.
The aim of the present study is to prepare a guide for the future generations. It is commonplace among researchers that the files of the persecution of Jews cannot be found in archival groups pertaining to the aim. (Maybe, under titles like " the removal of Jews", "economic resources serving war purposes"). The preface and preamble of laws contain the ideology. Implementation was carried out by way of daily administrative and professional activities. In the Ministry of the Interior (Belügyminisztérium-BM), for example, mainly through departments VII/A and VII/B; in the Ministry of Agriculture (Földmuvelésügyi Minisztérium - FM) by means of branch-offices on site (like, for example, the Co-operative for Public Welfare - Közjóléti Szövetkezet, the Fund for the Protection of Families - Családvédelmi Alap, etc.)
For the Ministry of Defence (Honvédelmi Minisztérium-HM) the Jewish question simply meant the following: the source to obtain territory and supplies free of charge; the employment of a military force needing no equipment; the availability of "human manpower" for highly dangerous military tasks (fortifications, mine-sweeping, etc.) The latter was sent mainly to operational and frontier areas.
In the Ministry of Defence departments 41-46 dealt with the deployment of Jews in military and civilian forced labour. On the basis of a circular letter, however, other official organs were also engaged in "matters of forced labour servicemen." Gazsi, József conducted a special research in this question and named the following departments as source: Elnöki (presidential) - matters of principle, -1/a - organization, -1/b wartime organization, mobilization, - 1/om the fulfilment of personal needs, exemptions, - 1/ny registration, the stocktaking of manpower, - 2/e foodstuffs, - 2/r clothing, -3/b motorcars, -6/k the countervalue of work done by forced labour servicemen, -11- military barracks, - 13- jurisdiction, -15 -codification, foreigners, - 16 - the disposition of rabbis, - 18 - abuse of service, - 20 - gendarmerie, -22/b- relief for disabled servicemen and their relatives, -22/v- losses, -23 legal matters,1 The underlined files and subject groups are especially significant.
I would like to draw the special attention of future researchers to certain bundles, as they are less acquainted with the contents behind contemporary terms:
Bundle No. 4360. HM 1941 eln. 15 p. without number.
Bill to supplement Defence Law No. II/1939 as regards forced labour service.
HM. eln. 23 p.
Bundle No. 4363. HM eln. 16.p. Base figure and registration number 26889.
Bundle No. 4393 HM 1941. eln. 23 p. Base figure and registration number
Draft of a medical instruction regarding the medical check-up of "levente" (a paramilitary training for young people) and forced labour servicemen, -deployed in fields of public interest.
Bundle No. 4660. HM: 1941. 13. p.
Offence against the dignity of the Hungarian state and nation.
Bundle No. 4408. HM 1941. ált. (general), department 1/b. Base figure
Experiences regarding mixed forced labour detachments.
Bundle No. 4408. HM: ált. Department 1/b. No. 404350.
Praise for a mixed detachment of forced labour servicemen.
Bundle No. 1664. HM 1941. 13.p. No. 423865.
The case of rabbi Friedman, József.
Bundle No. 4355. HM 1941. eln. 15. p. 2522
The moral supervision of Jewish forced labour servicemen.
Base figure 4044. The requirement of the Roman Catholic Church as regards forced labour in fields of public interest.
Bundle No. 1339. HM 1941 eln. Department 13. Base figure 16930.
Registration number 56598.
Abuse around the dismantling (emigration) of forced labour servicemen.
Bundle No. 4392. HM 1941 eln. Department 23. Base figure and registration number 3000.
Bundle No. 4048. HM 1941 eln. 1/b. No. 30802
The acquittal of interned orthodox bishops and schoolteachers.
Bundle No. 4048. HM 1941. eln. 1/b. Base figure 16761, registration
Utilization of Romanian labour service detachments.
Bundle No. 4357. HM 1941. eln. 15.p. Base figure and registration
Military training of priests, theologians and seminarists.
Bundle No. 4356. HM 1941. eln. 15.p. Base figure 12801.
Draft of Anti-Jewish Law No. III. Proposal. Chapters in connection with forced labour.
Bundle No. 4333. HM 1941 eln. 13. p. Nos. 32027 and 32714.
Impeachment and disciplinary procedure because of a favour granted to a Jewish doctor.2
A long series of studies deal with the everyday life of forced labour. Nonetheless, we refer to an illustrative diary. 3
1The description of the organization and characteristic documents were published in Gazsi, József’ s study: Archival research related to the history of forced labour. Holocaust Füzetek - Holocaust Pamphlets) No. 9. Magyar Auschwitz Alapitvány (Hungarian Auschwitz Foundation) pp. 165-211. (Hereafter: Holocaust Füzetek)
2All the documents referred to in notes 1, 2 and 3 are in the Archives of Hungarian Military History. (Hadtörténeti Levéltár)
3The diary of forced labour serviceman Hajdu, András, executed by the German army as a hostage, renders an illustrative account of events from July 1942 to September 1942. Holocaust Füzetek 9. pp. 136-164.